Any manufacturing unit would have a production facility or warehouse where goods are produced.
The production process comprises of man, machines (whether it be fully-automatic systems or
parts storage systems) and material. Proper allocation of jobs,  production floor layout, and
material results in cost efficient production.


What  is productivity

Productivity measures the efficiency with which resources such as labour or capital are employed
in the production process. There are two widely used productivity measures; labour productivity
and multifactor productivity.

Labour  productivity is measured as real output per hour worked. Multifactor productivity, a
broader measure of efficiency, is measured as real output per unit of combined inputs (capital,
labour, etc).In essence, this is the efficiency of all or your factors of production.

A business wishing to improve its profitability must undertake certain steps that can guarantee to
provide the desired results. One of the things that the management staff must give important
notice is the production and productivity of the business as a whole. As has been known, to
increase the profitability of an enterprise, certain things must be improved in the workplace. To
increase productivity is one of these.


Activity can be identified with production and consumption. Production is a process of combining
various immaterial and material inputs of production so as to produce tools for consumption. The
methods of combining the inputs of production in the process of making output are called
technology. Technology can be depicted mathematically by the production function which
describes the function between input and output. The production function depicts production
performance and productivity is the metric for it. Measures may be applied with, for example,
different technology to improve productivity and to raise production output.



LOCATION:

Companies now days are shifting base to lower cost  of  production which  make sense .
production base in cities or metros have become  non viable as cost  of living  , cost of raw
material ,overhead cost  and tranportation  cost have  gone above the roof . Companies are
moving to low cost areas  like CHINA , INDIA , UKRAINE ,IRELAND , VIETNAM  ETC .locally
companies have shut operation  in DELHI , MUMBAI , CHENNAI , KOLKATA   and moved  to areas
like UTTARAKAND , JHARKHAND , JAIPUR , BADI , etc .

WORK STANDARDS

All standards for operations  should be displayed at working stations  in local language s with do's
and don'ts.


AUTONOMOUS  MAINTENANCE

Operators to be trained to do regular maintenance instead of waiting for maintenance personnel to
come and attend these breakdowns .
Preventive maintenance to be  scheduled  for better  
performance of Machines.


MANPOWER ALLOCATION PER MACHINE

It has to be ensured that  the manpower deputed per machine should be adequate and is not  low
or high .


TOOLS

Necessary tools to be placed near work stations

WORK AND TIME STUDY

Measure the time taken by a worker to complete a job with some industry standards and in case
execessive labour is employed then the additional one can be relocated .


REDUCE LOSS OF TIME DURING SHIFT CHANGE OVERS


PRODUCTION BOARDS  AT EACH WORK STATIONS


LABOUR  PRODUCTIVITY

  • HANDLING

The handling of  product and raw material shoudl be reduced to minimum by either putting of
conveyors or automatic transfer to the machine .


  • MOVEMENT

To have  minimum movement  of manpower for getting material , tools and shifting .


  • REWORK

To have zero defective  and rework  as it is nothing but pure
waste . The first step towards
elimination  is to adopt standards like ISO -9000 & GMP or in house  standards.


  • PHYSICAL STRESS
Study the positions of worker  while working  and eliminate those position  were  worker feel
uncomfortable or experience  stress while working .This would   help  in better productivity .


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PRODUCTION  MANAGEMENT  FOR BETTER PRODUCTIVITY
KAIZEN CONCEPTS FOR
PRODUCTION

kanban

Poke Yoke

Takt Time

5 S

Gemba Kaizen

Muda


Seven Wastes